The Sinquefield Effect: The Resurgence of American Chess

The Sinquefield Effect celebrates the tenth anniversary of the Saint Louis Chess Club and the rapid resurgence of chess in the United States. The exhibition includes artifacts, photographs and video, and explores the impact of Dr. Jeanne and Rex Sinquefield’s instrumental role in Saint Louis’ growing chess culture.

On view: April 12, 2018 through February 24, 2019

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The Sinquefield Effect: The Resurgence of American Chess

Gateway to the New Chess World

By Garry Kasparov

Legendary World Champion

2017 Ultimate Moves, Photo by Lennart Ootes

Lennart Ootes

2017 Ultimate Moves Match

2018 will be an eventful year in the chess world. This November, Magnus Carlsen, the reigning world champion, will defend his crown against Fabiano Caruana, who last week became the first American since Bobby Fischer in 1972 to become the challenger for the undisputed World Chess Championship.

Such a pairing would have sounded fantastical when I was climbing the chess Olympus in the 1980s, back when the mighty Soviet chess machine to which I belonged boasted a majority of the world’s elite players. Consider that Carlsen captured the title from Viswanathan Anand of India in 2013, and now, a Norwegian versus an American! Thanks largely to a generation raised with super-strong chess computers and the internet, chess has become truly global.

Just as remarkably, to the extent that chess has a new center of gravity it is the United States, and in particular, Saint Louis, Missouri. Caruana won the right to challenge Carlsen by winning the Candidates Tournament on March 27, 2018 in Berlin. Among the eight players in that tournament were two Americans: Caruana and Wesley So. Both live in Saint Louis.

Nor is this new, chess-centric Spirit of Saint Louis limited to hosting elite players. The upcoming championship clash will be followed live online by millions of spectators watching a broadcast from Saint Louis. That’s where three superbly entertaining Grandmasters will break down each move from a studio in the basement of the local chess club, a few blocks from Forest Park. These broadcasts have become a way for chess to transcend its small traditional audience, even if my cherished game is not quite ready to compete with the Super Bowl for viewers.

This April, the second floor of the same building will host the U.S. Chess Championships for the 10th consecutive year. Nearly half the participants in the U.S. Chess Championship will be Saint Louisan: Of the top 10 American players, not only Caruana and So but also Ray Robson and Varuzhan Akobian now live there. Top international players also flock to the Gateway City. In August, the world’s best will compete there in the sixth annual Sinquefield Cup, one of the world’s strongest events.

This feast of chess talent is a classic American melting pot. Caruana was born in Miami, learned to play in Brooklyn, and spent most of his teenage years in Europe. So, the current U.S. Champion, was born in the Philippines, Akobian in Armenia, and Robson in Guam. So and Robson both moved to Saint Louis to attend Webster University in Saint Louis’s suburbs, on chess scholarships. Webster’s powerhouse team, coached by the Hungarian-born Grandmaster Susan Polgar, won the U.S. college championship five years running through last year. (Saint Louis University was a credible third in 2017).

How did all of this come to pass? You can work your way back by following the money, but money without passion is often squandered. In this case, it leads you back to a man, and a family, with a remarkable passion for chess.

In 2005, Rex Sinquefield, a Saint Louis native who had made a fortune in the financial services business, moved back home. One of his goals was policy influence; a conservative-libertarian, Sinquefield is now Missouri’s biggest—and therefore most controversial—political donor. But it was a lower-profile Sinquefield project that may turn out to have even longer-lasting influence in Saint Louis and beyond. His goal was to boost the popularity of a game he’d enjoyed since boyhood, chess. Partly he just wanted more of his fellow Saint Louisans to enjoy it. But he also believed, as I do, that the game chess helps instill self-discipline and strategic thinking in young minds.

Sinquefield bought a 6,000 square foot building in an old neighborhood that evokes Washington’s Georgetown and whose residents had once included T.S. Eliot and Tennessee Williams. In July 2008, he reopened the structure as the Chess Club and Scholastic Center of Saint Louis, with plush furnishings, an attractive game room, and a broadcast studio in the basement. Then the club, and the Sinquefields, started to build a chess culture in Saint Louis.

It’s truly a family affair. Rex’s dynamic wife Jeanne was a driving force behind the Boy Scouts of America adding a chess merit badge. Their son Randy runs the state-of-the-art studio that brings the chess world to Saint Louis online. This isn’t just about money, but tremendous dedication and hard work. Instead of looking for a quick splash, they have built a complete system for kids, parents, coaches, and schools. Half a world away from Moscow, Saint Louis is the true heir to the Soviet chess machine. Perhaps this is why it’s the only place I feel comfortable occasionally breaking my retirement vows to test myself at the board—albeit with more enjoyment than sporting success of late.

Today there are chess programs in 140 schools across the metropolitan area, including the public schools in the city and in Ferguson, as well as in several rural districts in central Missouri. The club offers frequent tournaments, group lessons, private lessons, lectures and even summer camps. With more than 1,000 members, it’s now among the world’s largest chess clubs.

Before this Saint Louis chess Renaissance, the United States did not have a suitable venue for world-class tournaments. It didn’t have a deep-pocketed champion who would sponsor a world-class tournament out of his own pocket. It didn’t have programs to attract and develop world-class players capable of producing a gold-medal Olympiad team and a world championship challenger.

Now the U.S. has all of those things—because Saint Louis has all of those things. I wouldn’t say that Rex Sinquefield did it entirely from scratch, however. After all, the first official world chess championship in 1886 included a brief stop in Saint Louis! But if Rex’s master strategy continues to bear fruit, the world chess championship may soon return to his beloved birthplace. It would be a fitting crowning achievement for what has become the chess capital of the world.

Why Chess In Saint Louis?

By Randy Bauer

Board of Directors, United States Chess Federation

Ten years ago, I was having lunch with Rex Sinquefield, discussing the possibility of doing a study on the City of Saint Louis’ finances. At one point, the conversation turned to chess, and Rex’s passion for the game was immediately evident. I mentioned that the U.S. Championship was looking for a sponsor, and he expressed interest.

I’ve been in literally thousands of similar types of business and civic meetings over the years, and few ‘expressions of interest’ ever pan out. None of those meetings, however, were with Rex Sinquefield. A contract was signed a few months later and the first of what will be 10 consecutive U.S. Championships was held in grand fashion at the similarly grand Saint Louis Chess Club (STLCC).

In the following years, besides the U.S. Championship, Saint Louis has hosted major international tournaments (the flagship being the Sinquefield Cup, which regularly attracts the world’s champions and top contenders), matches and other national, state and regional events. It has become THE constant in U.S. chess—a beacon and gravitational force that regularly attracts ‘the best and the brightest’ to the STLCC and the city.

The best players in the U.S.–and the world—have taken note. It is no accident that the top board on the 2016 U.S. gold medal winning Olympiad team Grandmaster Fabiano Caruana is a Saint Louis resident, and teammate Roy Robson attended college in the city. Former World Champion Garry Kasparov, commenting on the U.S. victory at the Olympiad, tweeted, “Rex Sinquefield and his CCSCSL are the beating heart of Team USA. He deserves a medal from chess!” Grandmaster Ben Finegold sums it up nicely: “Everyone in the world knows this chess club.”

While the accolades of the world’s elite are noteworthy, equally impressive are the opportunities it provides to players at all levels—particularly kids. Rex and Jeanne Sinquefield are passionate about educational achievement for all, and they and the club are putting chess in local schools throughout Saint Louis. As former U.S. Women’s Champion Jennifer Shahade puts it, “this is the Mecca of chess. Obviously, the financial contributions are so considerable and so generous. But a lot of the passion to donate money is that Rex really absolutely loves chess and sees the multifaceted nature of the game.”

The recent heightened interest in chess in the U.S. is on display in movies, TV, magazines and advertisements. I would venture to say that much of that interest can be traced back to Saint Louis. Grandmaster Maurice Ashley explains it this way: “I think the American chess scene has become much stronger because of what’s happening in Saint Louis. The magic of the STLCC. The fact that they bring so many top, elite events to the U.S. Because of that, everyone’s inspired. Everyone—from the top players down to the collegiate ranks down to the scholastic level. And that’s going to continue. It’s a runaway train right now.”

World Champion Kasparov echoed this sentiment in a fitting tribute to Rex’s vision: “now, here in Saint Louis, we are facing the renaissance of the great game of chess.”

 

The Sinquefield Effect: Why Chess in Saint Louis?

International

2016 American Chess Team wins First Olympiad in 40 Years.

GMs Wesley So, Hikaru Nakamura, and Fabiano Caruana Compete in the 2016 Baku, Azerbaijan, Chess Olympiad

Mike Klein

GMs Wesley So, Hikaru Nakamura, and Fabiano Caruana Compete in the 2016 Baku, Azerbaijan, Chess Olympiad

Courtesy of Mike Klein and Chess.com

2016 American Olympiad Team with Trophy

Mike Klein

GM Aleksandr Lenderman, GM Hikaru Nakamura, IM John Donaldson, GM Sam Shankland, GM Ray Robson, GM Wesley So, GM Fabiano Caruana at the Closing Ceremony of the 2016 Baku, Azerbaijan, Chess Olympiad

Collection of the World Chess Hall of Fame

Courtesy of Mike Klein, Chess.com

The winning team celebrates their victory in Baku, Azerbaijan.


Fabi Wins!

For the first time since 1972, an American contends for the undisputed World Chess Championship.

Fabi Wins, 2018 Candidates Match

Nick Dunaevsky

Fabiano Caruana after Winning the 2018 Candidates Tournament

© Nick Dunaevsky, official photographer of World Chess

Fabiano Caruana won the Candidates tournament on March 27, 2018. He will challenge current World Chess Champion Magnus Carlsen.


Grand Chess Tour

When the first edition of the Sinquefield Cup was held in September 2013, it featured just four players. At that time, no one could have predicted the chain of events that would ultimately result in the creation of the Grand Chess Tour. 

MVL wins the Sinquefield Cup

Austin Fuller

Grandmaster Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, Winner of the 2017 Sinquefield Cup

Collection of the World Chess Hall of Fame

GM Maxime Vachier-Lagrave 2017 Sinquefield Cup Winner.

Local

Saint Louis Chess Campus

GM Fabiano Caruana at the Saint Louis Rapid & Blitz tournament

Austin Fuller

GM Fabiano Caruana at the 2017 Saint Louis Rapid & Blitz Tournament

Collection of World Chess Hall of Fame

Courtesy of the Saint Louis Chess Club

Another grandmaster makes Saint Louis home! GM Fabiano Caruana is among dozens who have moved to the region because of the Saint Louis Chess Club. 

Ribbon-cutting ceremony at Francis Park in Saint Louis Hills

Austin Fuller

Ribbon-cutting ceremony at Francis Park in Saint Louis Hills, 2017

Courtesy of the Saint Louis Chess Club

Chess Pocket Parks are a way for the Saint Louis Chess Club to immerse itself in the surrounding communities.

GM Alejandro Ramirez coaching at SLU

Steve Dolan

GM Alejandro Ramirez coaching at SLU, 2017

Courtesy of Steve Dolan

Coached by GM Alejandro Ramirez, the new Saint Louis University team placed third in 2017 and fourth in 2018 at the Presidents Cup—the final four of collegiate team chess.

Officer Nate McGraw enjoying a chess game with St. Louis Public School students.

Austin Fuller

Officer Nate McGraw enjoying a chess game with St. Louis Public School students, 2017

Courtesy of the Saint Louis Chess Club

Cops Helping Enhance Student Skills — C.H.E.S.S. Cops! City of St. Louis Police work with students in Public Schools.

Kingside Diner

Austin Fuller

Kingside Diner Grand Opening, 2015

Courtesy of the Saint Louis Chess Club

Kingside Diner opens at the Saint Louis Chess Campus on April 15, 2015.

The Sinquefield Effect: GMs in Residence

The Grandmaster in Residence program allows players of all ages and skill levels to learn chess from GMs from around the world.

National

Saint Louis is the Chess Capital of the United States

The Saint Louis Chess Club has hosted major U.S. tournaments.

Congressional Chess Match, 2013

Spectrum Studios

Congressional Chess Match in Washington D.C., 2013

Courtesy of the Saint Louis Chess Club

On May 5, 2014, the U.S. Senate unanimously passed a resolution recognizing the Saint Louis Chess Club for its achievements and designating Saint Louis as the Chess Capital of the United States.

Arts & Culture

Chess Museum Moves to Saint Louis

World Chess Hall of Fame, 2017

Lennart Ootes

World Chess Hall of Fame, 2017

Courtesy of the Saint Louis Chess Club

The World Chess Hall of Fame opened in Saint Louis on September 8, 2011.

The Burning Boards, 2014

Glenn Kaino

The Burning Boards, 2014

Collection of the World Chess Hall of Fame

Photo by Carmody Creative

16 chess experts played 16 artists and art experts in Glenn Kaino’s The Burning Boards on September 9, 2014.

World's Largest Chess Piece, 2012

Carmody Creative

World's Largest Chess Piece, 2012

Collection of the World Chess Hall of Fame

Saint Louis has been home of the Guinness World Records Largest Chess Piece from 2012-2014 and again in 2018.


The Intersection of Art & Chess

The Sinquefield Effect: Marcel Duchamp, Chess Master Exhibition Opening

Prior to the opening of the WCHOF, the Saint Louis Chess Club hosted major art projects.

Scholastics

The Soul of the Chess Club

Turkey Tango Scholastic Tournament, 2017

Austin Fuller

Turkey Tango Scholastic Tournament, 2017

Courtesy of the Saint Louis Chess Club

In the spring of 2018, the Saint Louis Chess Club's Scholastics Department gave free weekly chess lessons to 2,410 students in 35 Saint Louis Public Schools.

Ascension Partnership Kick-off Event, 2015

Austin Fuller

Ascension Partnership Kick-off Event, 2015

Courtesy of the Saint Louis Chess Club

Through the Your Move Chess Program, Ascension partners with the Saint Louis Chess Club to offer lessons to underserved youth throughout the region. The program began in 2015 in the Ferguson-Florissant School District.


Boys Scouts of America Chess Merit Badge

BSA Chess Merit Badge

Boy Scouts of America Chess Merit Badge Booklet, 2011

Collection of Dr. Jeanne and Rex Sinquefield


Boy Scouts of America Chess Merit Badge, 2011

Collection of Dr. Jeanne and Rex Sinquefield


Letter from Robert J. Mazzuca to Dr. Jeanne Sinquefield Regarding Development of Chess Merit Badge

August 24, 2011

Collection of Dr. Jeanne and Rex Sinquefield

Endeavor Space Shuttle Chessboard, 2011

Signed Chessboard from the 2011 STS-134 Final Mission of the Endeavor Space ShuttleMay 16, 2011

Collection of the World Chess Hall of Fame


Certificate of Authenticity for the Chessboard from the 2011 STS-134 Final Mission of the Endeavour Space ShuttleMay 16, 2011

Collection of the World Chess Hall of Fame


Patch from the 2011 STS-134 Final Mission of the Endeavor Space ShuttleMay 16, 2011

Collection of the World Chess Hall of Fame

Dr. Jeanne Sinquefield spearheaded the creation of the Boy Scout Merit Badge. On September 10, 2011, Jeanne and NASA Astronaut and chess player Greg Chamitoff passed out the award to the first 15 recipients. Chamitoff also presented a chess board from the 2010 U.S. and Women’s Chess Championship which was flown on the Space Shuttle Endeavor. As of April 1, 2018, over 170,000 scouts have earned the badge.

Sports

Let's Talk About Chess

Pro Chess League

Austin Fuller

2017 Saint Louis Arch Bishops, from left to right: NM Nicholas Rosenthal, GM Wesley So, GM Yaroslav Zerebukh, GM Dariusz Swiercz, GM Varuzhan Akobian, GM Francesco Rambaldi, GM Cemil Can Ali Marandi, GM Ben Finegold, and International Arbiter Mike Kummer

Courtesy of the Saint Louis Chess Club

The inaugural Pro Chess League season ended with a resounding victory by the Saint Louis Arch Bishops in 2017. This season ended with the first ever eSport event April 7-8, 2018, in San Francisco.

2017 Sinquefield Cup, Round 1

Austin Fuller

2017 Sinquefield Cup, Round 1

Courtesy of Saint Louis Chess Club

The Saint Louis Chess Campus has multiple broadcast studios to bring chess to people all over the world with an amazing group of commentators. During the 2017 Sinquefield Cup alone, 900,000 people viewed the online commentary in English and 100,000 in Spanish.

 

The Big Three

The Saint Louis Chess Club has been the catalyst for chess development in the United States. This is the first time in history that 3 Americans are in the top 10 in the world.

The Big Three

Spectrum Studios

GMs Fabiano Caruana, Hikaru Nakamura, and Wesley So, 2017

Courtesy of the Saint Louis Chess Club

 

More content coming soon!

Photography courtesy of the Saint Louis Chess Club

Exhibition Newspaper

 

DOWNLOADS

The Sinquefield Effect Newspaper, part 1

The Sinquefield Effect Newspaper, part 2

The Sinquefield Effect Newspaper, part 3

The Sinquefield Effect Newspaper, part 4

The Sinquefield Effect Newspaper, part 5

Press

8/17/2018: Fox 2 — Players compete for the Sinquefield Cup (video)