United States – Inducted 2001
Born in Prague, Lubomir Kavalek became the youngest player to win the Czech Championship at age 19 in 1962. He would repeat the feat again six years later. In 1970, he immigrated to the US, where he completed his studies in journalism and literature. During the 1970s, he won or tied for first in the U.S. Championship three times and was rated in the world’s top 100 players continuously from 1962 to 1988. A veteran of nine Olympiads, Kavalek represented Czechoslovakia twice and the U.S. seven times. He also won more than 20 important tournaments over the course of his career.
Kavalek is also an active chess coach, organizer, and author. Most notably, he served as a second to Bobby Fischer during the 1972 World Championship, but he also has trained Nigel Short, Yasser Seirawan, and Robert Hübner. He organized the first World Cup series in 1988-89 as executive director of the Grandmasters Association. He served as editor-in-chief of RHM Publishing from 1973 to 1986; during this time, he was responsible for that company’s proliferation of chess literature. He authored the Washington Post chess column from 1986 to 2010, then took up the chess column for the Huffington Post website. He retired from active play in 1999 ranked No. 95 in the world with a rating of 2594.